Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes

young girl injecting insulin into her abdomen

Learn how to manage type 2 diabetes.

In this section, you'll learn about:

  • Blood sugar & ketone monitoring
  • Medications
  • Self-management solutions

This section focuses on the medical management of type 2 diabetes. And as the term “ medical management” implies, this management is done with the guidance of your medical provider and medical team.

The key principles of medical management are:

  • Regular blood sugar (and ketone) self monitoring as a part of daily living
  • Taking diabetes medications such as pills, injected medicines or even insulin
  • Problem solving how and when to make adjustments in your medication doses to prevent high or low blood sugars
  • Understanding complications and how to screen for, prevent and treat them

Good management requires all of these elements. All the elements are intertwined.

For example, you need to monitor your blood sugar to know if your treatment is successful. You need to problem solve if the self blood sugar monitoring shows your treatment is not successful. The self blood sugar monitoring will indicate if you need to start, adjust the dose or change the type of diabetes medications. Regular screening for diabetes-related complications may pick up a complication that is in the early stages, and early treatment usually gives the best results.

In this section, you will find:

  • Blood sugar & ketone monitoring:
    The tool that tells you whether your treatment is successful
  • Medications:
    Includes oral medications, non-insulin therapies and insulin
  • Self-management solutions:
    How to analyze what is causing you to have low blood sugars and/or high blood sugars

    There are different problem solving sections depending upon your type of treatment:

    • Lifestyle and therapies that normalize the blood sugar
    • Insulin releasing medications (secretagogues)
    • Sliding scale insulin
    • Intensive Insulin
  • Complications:
    Reviews diabetic complications –both ones that develop rapidly (acutely) or slowly (chronically) – how to recognize them, and what to do if they occur.

©2007-2020 Collective work Martha Nolte Kennedy,
The Regents of the University of California.
All rights reserved.