Know the differences and you will be able to take effective precautions against both.
Serious, life-threatening complications can arise quickly. Fortunately, such complications can go away just as quickly if you – and those closest to you — know what to do and how to do it.
Acute complications arise from uncontrolled high blood sugars (hyperglycemia) and low blood sugars (hypoglycemia) caused by a mismatching of available insulin and need. In short, you either have taken too much diabetes medication or too little.
Some acute complications require immediate medical attention.
These emergencies include:
Chronic complications tend to arise over years or decades. Often, there is damage before there are symptoms so routine screening is recommended to catch and treat problems before they occur or get worse.
Learn more about chronic complications.
- Vision loss or blindness
- Kidney damage or failure
- Nerve pain and damage
- Heart and blood vessel disease
- High blood pressure
- Dental problems
- Hand problems
- Foot problems
For both acute and chronic complications, tight control of blood sugar is the best treatment. Other interventions that help keep complications to a minimum include:
- Controlling blood pressure
- Controlling blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels
- Controlling your weight
- Not smoking
- Regular screening
VIGILANCE AND A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE PUT YOU IN CONTROL
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